March & April
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Functional Classification Update Approved

Every 10 years, based on Census years, transportation planners evaluate and rank area roadways based on their function in the larger transportation system. This ranking has implications for what kind of state and federal funding is available for repair and improvement of roadways. TMACOG staff and regional stakeholders reviewed the functional classification network and provided feedback to ODOT for several proposed changes. After initial approval by ODOT, the network was approved by Federal Highway in February. The maps from ODOT are now available for download on the TMACOG website here. There is one map for each of the counties in the MPO planning area, one for the Bowling Green urbanized area, one for the Fostoria urbanized area, and four maps for the Toledo urbanized area (broken up in NE, NW, SE, and SW quadrants).

Roadways are assigned to one of several possible functional classifications within a hierarchy according to the character of travel service each roadway provides. The primary elements are access and mobility. A road with lots of access (many intersections and lots of driveways) is probably not as mobile as a limited access road. A road with few intersections and few traffic lights is highly mobile and probably used for longer distances. Planners and engineers use a hierarchy of roadways to properly channel transportation movements through a highway network efficiently and cost effectively. To qualify for federal funding, a roadway must be classified as a minor collector or above in urban areas and a collector or above in rural areas. Any roadway eligible for federal assistance is commonly known as a federal aid route.

Principal Arterials Interstates - Interstates are the highest classification of arterials and are designed and constructed with mobility and long-distance travel in mind. This category includes other limited-access roads including the Anthony Wayne Trail in northwest Ohio.

Minor Arterials - Minor arterials provide service for trips of moderate length and offer connectivity to the higher principal arterial system.

Major and Minor Collectors - Collectors serve the critical role of gathering and channeling traffic from local roads to the arterial network.

Local Roads - Local roads account for the largest percentage of all roadways in terms of mileage. They are not intended for use in long distance travel due to their provision of direct access to abutting land.

Here are a few of the notable upgrades/downgrades that occurred to the region’s functional classification network.

SR 25 from Roachton Road to I-475 (Perrysburg) was upgraded from a Minor Arterial (4) to a Principal Arterial due to the increased traffic near the Levis Commons development.
Buck Road from Lime City Road to Bates Road (Perrysburg Twp./Rossford) was upgraded from a Local to a Collector due to increased traffic associated with Penta Career Center.
Front Street from Main Street to I-280 ramps (Toledo) was upgraded from a Minor Arterial to a Principal Arterial due to increased traffic count numbers.
Westwood Avenue from Hill Avenue to Stateview Drive (Toledo) was downgraded from a Minor Arterial to a Local because that road was vacated at the Norfolk-Southern railroad tracks.

There were also changes in rural roads. In southwest Lucas County a 5.5-mile stretch of Neapolis-Waterville Road was upgraded to a Collector status, but a 6-mile stretch of nearby Neowash Road was downgraded to a Minor Collector status. The decision to make changes like this derived primarily from traffic count numbers.

There were some roads that were never on the network that were added, including:

The new US 24 freeway (Fulton County line to Waterville) was added to the network as an Other Freeway (Principal Arterial, second tier). The old US 24 route was renamed South River Road and downgraded to Collector status.
Newton Road (SR 25/Main to SR 64/Haskins) in Bowling Green (Collector).
Enterprise Boulevard (Matzinger to SR 184/Alexis) in Toledo (Minor Collector).
Promedica Parkway (SR 51/Monroe to Upton) in Toledo (Minor Arterial).

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